Type I interferon signaling in malignant blasts contributes to treatment efficacy in AML patients

March 24, 2023
Source: Cell Death Dis. 2023 Mar 24;14(3):209. doi: 10.1038/s41419-023-05728-w.

Authors: Peter Holicek, Iva Truxova , Jana Rakova , Cyril Salek, Michal Hensler, Marek Kovar, Milan Reinis, Romana Mikyskova, Josef Pasulka, Sarka Vosahlikova, Hana Remesova, Iva Valentova, Daniel Lysak, Monika Holubova , Petr Kaspar, Jan Prochazka, Lenka Kasikova, Radek Spisek, Lorenzo Galluzzi, Jitka Fucikova

While type I interferon (IFN) is best known for its key role against viral infection, accumulating preclinical and clinical data indicate that robust type I IFN production in the tumor microenvironment promotes cancer immunosurveillance and contributes to the efficacy of various antineoplastic agents, notably immunogenic cell death inducers. Here, we report that malignant blasts from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) release type I IFN via a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)-dependent mechanism that is not driven by treatment. While in these patients the ability of type I IFN to stimulate anticancer immune responses was abolished by immunosuppressive mechanisms elicited by malignant blasts, type I IFN turned out to exert direct cytostatic, cytotoxic and chemosensitizing activity in primary AML blasts, leukemic stem cells from AML patients and AML xenograft models. Finally, a genetic signature of type I IFN signaling was found to have independent prognostic value on relapse-free survival and overall survival in a cohort of 132 AML patients. These findings delineate a clinically relevant, therapeutically actionable and prognostically informative mechanism through which type I IFN mediates beneficial effects in patients with AML.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36964168/

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